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dental gum bleeding

Gum Disease Treatment

dental gum disease

Gum (Periodontal) DiseaseVisit Dr. Prakash Gupta Dentist in Magarpatta City.


If your gums are swollen or bleed when you brush your teeth, it could be a sign of gum (periodontal) disease. Many adults have trouble with their gums, even with regular tooth brushing and flossing. Getting an evaluation and timely treatment from your dental care provider can preserve your smile. Visit Dr. Prakash Gupta Dentist in Magarpatta City.

What is gum disease?

It is a gum infection that gets worse over time.

  • Early-stage gum disease (gingivitis) includes swollen bleeding gums. Some people experience no symptoms. It is reversible with timely treatment.

  • Advanced gum disease (periodontitis) occurs when the gums' inner layer pulls away from the teeth and forms pockets. Periodontitis is defined by the loss of bone supporting the teeth.

 

Symptoms:

Healthy gums are firm and pale pink and fit snugly around teeth. Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:

  • Swollen or puffy gums

  • Bright red, dusky red, or purplish gums

  • Gums that feel tender when touched

  • Gums that bleed easily

  • Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing

  • Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth

  • Bad breath

  • Pus between your teeth and gums

  • Loose teeth or loss of teeth

  • Painful chewing

  • New spaces developing between your teeth

  • Gums that pull away from your teeth (recede), making your teeth look longer than normal

  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

How Does My Dentist Diagnose Gum Disease?

During a dental exam, your dentist typically checks for these things:

  • Gum bleeding, swelling, firmness, and pocket depth (the space between the gum and tooth; the larger and deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease)

  • Teeth movement and sensitivity and proper teeth alignment

  • Your jawbone, to help detect the breakdown of bone surrounding your teeth

How Is Gum Disease Treated?

The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth; reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, and the risk of infection; and stop disease progression. Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in Gum Disease Treatments.

How Can Gum Disease Be Prevented?

Gingivitis can be reversed and gum disease can be kept from getting worse in nearly all cases when proper plaque control is practiced. Proper plaque control consists of professional cleanings at least twice a year and daily brushing and flossing.  

Brush your teeth twice a day. Use a soft-bristled brush and fluoride toothpaste. Replace your toothbrush every 3 months, or sooner if the bristles become frayed. Old, worn-out ones won't clean teeth as well. Brushing gets rid of plaque on the surfaces of the teeth that can be reached. 

Flossing removes food particles and plaque from in between the teeth and under the gum line. Floss every day. Don’t wait until something gets stuck between your teeth. Daily flossing gets plaque out of places your toothbrush can't reach. You can also try interdental cleaners, picks, or small brushes that fit in between teeth. Ask your dentist how to use them so you don't damage your gums.

Rinse your mouth. Antibacterial mouthwash not only prevents gingivitis, but it also fights bad breath and plaque. Antibacterial rinses can reduce bacteria that cause plaque and gum disease, according to the American Dental Association. Ask your dentist which mouthwash would work best for you.

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